Cerro Chirripó is the highest mountain in Costa Rica, with an elevation of 3,820 metres (12,533 ft). It is located in the Chirripó National Park and is noted for its ecological wealth. The high peaks in this and La Amistad International Park host important areas of Talamancan montane forest and Costa Rican Páramo with high endemism and an extremely high biodiversity. The peaks of these mountains, because of their height, constitute sky islands for many species of plants and animals. Snow has never fallen on the peak in the past 100 years or so, according to the University of Costa Rica, but hail is reported sometimes.
The great height of Cerro Chirripó relative to its surroundings is also evidenced by its particularly high topographic prominence of 3,727 m (12,228 ft), which makes it the 37th most prominent peak in the world.
From the summit, it is possible on clear days to see all across the country from coast to coast, from the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Sea.
Forest fires have occurred in 1976, in the 1990s, and in 2012.
Climbing Chirripó is possible by obtaining a permit from the National Park office in San Gerardo de Rivas. From the trailhead, the summit can be reached via a 19.5-kilometre (12.1 mi) hike.
Chato Volcano, sometimes called "Cerro Chato" (Spanish for "Mount Chato"), is an inactive volcano in north-western Costa Rica north-west of San José, in the province of Alajuela, canton of San Carlos, and district of La Fortuna. It is southeast of the nearby Arenal Volcano
It is believed Chato first erupted 38,000 years ago during the Pleistocene period and last erupted about 3,500 years ago. One of the lava flows is now the route for La Fortuna Waterfall. The hill has two peaks, named Chatito and Espina. A crater about 500 metres (1,600 ft) wide is filled with a lagoon, Laguna Cerro Chato.
The Miravalles Volcano is an andesitic stratovolcano in Costa Rica. The caldera was formed during several major explosive eruptions that produced voluminous dacitic-rhyolitic pyroclastic flows between about 1.5 and 0.6 million years ago. The only reported historical eruptive activity was a small steam explosion on the SW flank in 1946. High heat flow remains, and Miravalles is the site of the largest developed geothermal field in Costa Rica.
The Miravalles Volcano reaches an elevation of 6,653 feet (2,023 m) and is the highest mountain in the Guanacaste Mountains. The heat from the volcano also helps power a geothermal energy plant at Las Hornillas, which is run by the Institute of Electricity
Grecia is the name of the third canton in the province of Alajuela in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 395.72 square kilometres (152.79 sq mi), and has a population of 69,703. The capital city of the canton is also called Grecia.
The canton lies among ridges and valleys on the southwestern slope of Poas Volcano. One area is completely separated from the remainder of the canton by the Cordillera Central (Central Mountain Range). Known as Río Cuarto, this area lies on the Caribbean Plain, and is intended to form its own canton at some unspecified future date.
The Río Poás and the Río Prendes establish a large portion of the eastern border of the elongated canton, with the Río Sarchí serving the same purpose on its western edge. The Río Grande is the southern border.
Guatuso is the name of the 15th canton in the province of Alajuela in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 758.32 square kilometres (292.79 sq mi), and has a population of 13,984 (estimate as of 2003). The capital city of the canton is San Rafael de Guatuso.
It is a diamond-shaped canton, with the Río Purgatorio (Purgatory River) and the Río Frío (Cold River) as the northeast border, the Río Cucaracha (Cockroach River) as a portion of the southeast border, the Cordillera de Guanacaste on the southwest border, and the Río Rito and the Río Mónico on the northwest. Tenorio Volcano marks the far western point of the canton.
The canton of Guatuso is subdivided into four districts (distritos):
San Rafael, Buenavista, Cote, Katira
The canton was established by a decree of March 17, 1970. It is named for the region's original inhabitants, an indigenous tribe whose survivors are now known as the Maleku and remain as residents of the area.
Arenal has a handful of well-run, professional canopy tours. Spread throughout the forested region at the base of the Arenal Volcano, these tours offer travelers a unique chance to experience the rainforest as never before. Ranging between 40 and 1,400 ft. in length, sturdy steel cables connect platforms and trees. It is along these cables that tour takers will soar. While riding, visitors will be able to enjoy excellent views of the Arenal Volcano and surrounding area, including rainforests, pastures, hillsides and streams.
All tours begin with an introduction to the equipment and an explanation of how to ride the cables. Bilingual guides accompany the entire tour and are available to ride individually with younger or more timid travelers.
The tour begins with a pick up from your Arenal area hotel. Drivers will drop you off outside of town, where you’ll meet guides. You’ll head out along forested trails towards the waterfalls. Upon arrival, trained specialists will fit you with equipment and show you the proper way to rappel down the falls. You’ll then descend five waterfalls within a stunning canyon; four are alongside or directly in the falls, while one is along a dry rock face.