Palmares is the name of the seventh canton in the Province of Alajuela in Costa Rica
The canton covers an area of 38.06 million km², and has a population of 31,608. The capital city of the canton is also called Palmares.
The canton encompasses a circular area with the city of Palmares at its center. The Montes de Aguacate (Avocado Mountains) establish the boundary on the canton's southwestern edge and the Río Grande (Great River) delineates the boundary on its north and northeast sides.
Orotina is the name of the ninth canton in the province of Alajuela in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 141.92 square kilometres (54.80 sq mi), and has a population of 18.823 (estimate as of 2010). The capital city of the canton is also called Orotina.
The canton lies on the western side of the Coastal Mountain Range between the Río Jesús María and Río Machuca on the north and the Río Grande de Tárcoles on the south.
Naranjo is the name of the sixth canton in the province of Alajuela in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 126.62 square kilometres (48.89 sq mi), and has a population of 40,134 (estimate as of 2003). The capital city of the canton is also called Naranjo.
The Río Grande (Great River) forms the western and southern boundaries of the canton. The Río Espino (Thornbush River) is on the north, and the Río Colorado (Red River) and Río Molino (Mill River) establish the eastern border.
Los Chiles is the name of the 14th canton in the province of Alajuela in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 1,358.86 square kilometres (524.66 sq mi), and has a population of 21,523 (estimate as of 2003). The capital city of the canton is also called Los Chiles.
The canton lies along the border of Nicaragua at the top of the Llanura de San Carlos (San Carlos Plain) in north central Costa Rica. The Río Pocosol (Little Sun River) forms the southeastern boundary of the canton, with (from north to south) the Río Rita, Río Mónico, Río Frío (Cold River) and the Río Purgatorio (Purgatory River) establishing the southwestern border. This is a low-lying, sparsely settled region primarily devoted to large agricultural enterprises.
Atenas is the name of the fifth canton in the province of Alajuela in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 127.19 square kilometres (49.11 sq mi), and has a population of 23,743 (estimate as of 2003). The capital city of the canton is also called Atenas.
It is a fairly compact canton, mountainous for the most part. The Río Grande (Great River) forms the border on the canton's north and east sides. As the river moves south, it is joined by two other large rivers, the Río Poás and the Río Virilla, before turning west again and forming the canton's southern border under a new name, the Río Grande de Tárcoles. The western border of the canton is established by a series of quebradas (canyons) that cut through the Coastal Mountain Range.
Zarcero is the name of the 11th canton in the province of Alajuela in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 155.13 square kilometres (59.90 sq mi), and has a population of 11,556 (estimate as of 2003). The capital city of the canton is Zarcero.
It is a diamond-shaped canton, with the Río Espina (Thornbush River) as the border on the northwest and the southwest sides. The Río Toro (Bull River) forms the southeastern border, and the Río La Vieja (Old Woman River) borders the northeast.
Alajuela is the name of the first canton in the province of Alajuela in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 388.43 square kilometres (149.97 sq mi), and has a population of 237,966 (estimate as of 2003). Its capital is the provincial capital city of Alajuela.
Northward from the city of Alajuela, the canton continues along the border with the province of Heredia to its east, encompassing a strip of the Cordillera Central (Central Mountain Range) between Poas Volcano and Barva Volcano. On the Caribbean side of the mountains, the canton takes in a portion of the Sarapiquí area. The Río Poás (Poas River) forms the major portion of the canton's western border, finally giving way to the Río Poasito as the territory ascends into the Cordillera Central.
Southwest of the city of Alajuela, the canton of Alajuela ends at the confluence of the Río Grande (Great River) and the Río Virilla (Virilla River).
Turrialba Volcano is named after its canton, Turrialba, in Costa Rica's Cartago Province. There is no clear consensus on the origin of the name Turrialba, but historians disagree with attempts to attribute the name to the patronym Torrealba (from Aragon in Spain) or from the Latin Turris alba (white tower). The general consensus is that Turrialba derives from the local Indian (Huetar language), but there is no agreement on its actual roots.
The stratovolcano is 3,340 m (10,958 ft) high and is about 45 minutes from the Atlantic slope town of Turrialba. The summit has three craters, one of which has fumaroles and sulfur pits. The largest of the craters has a diameter of 50 m (160 ft). Visitors used to be able to hike down into the main crater, but increased gaseous activity has caused the time at the summit to be limited to no more than fifteen minutes. The hike to the top from where the vans usually are forced to stop takes about one to three hours depending on the ability of the hikers. Below the summit is a mountain range and montane forest, with ferns, bromeliads, lichens and mosses. Most of the forest is either primary or secondary forest. The Turrialba Volcano National Park surrounds the area.